These are the 5 people on which depends the future of science and technology.The million dollar question: How scientific research is funded?In most developing countries efforts to invest in science and technology are carried out by own States: public universities and other state agencies.
In developed countries, meanwhile, research is usually funded by private agents.Beyond the quality and social relevance of these investigations, the fact is that the main advances in science and technology are made through the investment of some few – private players: large corporations and billionaires and huge capital firms.
The way science is funded has changed and it is now clear that they are private actors who combine the demand for science and technology investments with their own economic interests .It is not an ideal situation, of course, but the fact is that currently the advancement of science depends on a few people who dare to invest in it.
1.Bill and Melinda Gates
They need no introduction. They are undoubtedly two of the most important people of today. And not only for being among the five wealthiest people on the planet, but for its enormous contributions to scientific research. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation are considered the leading private agency in scientific funding.
Over the years the Foundation has contributed more than 10 billion dollars in different areas. Currently one of the main objectives of the Foundation is to eradicate polio disease in the developing world.
These people represent only some of the private actors currently funded and promote scientific research. Many other personalities like founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg , and billionaire Yuri Milner have also been dedicated to investing and star scientific breakthroughs.
Britain ‘s Richard Branson owns Virgin Group Company, one of the largest business conglomerates in the world. Branson is known worldwide also for its continuing concern about the environment and their enormous contributions to research alternative forms of energy. During ten years Branson has donated more than 3000 million dollars for that purpose.
Ted Stanley died in January 2016, having donated in total, more than 1.2 billion dollars for research of different mental illnesses. After her son was diagnosed in 1988, he and his wife spent much of his fortune to finance research in psychology and psychiatry. Ted Stanley had made his fortune thanks to a collectibles company, MBI, Inc.
Do you know Moore’s law? He is Moore; responsible for the famous law that every two years the number of transistors on a microprocessor doubles and cost only low during this trajectory. This law formulated by Gordon Moore in the 1970s and met until today. Moore co – founded Intel, the company that makes the most processors used worldwide. You can imagine the fortune that has, right? But perhaps you cannot imagine what he does with it; among other things, fund scientific research . In recent years , Gordon Moore has donated more than $ 850 million to fund research in the areas of physics, biology and astronomy .
5.Eli and Edythe Broad
Eli Broad born in the United States in 1933 and devoted his life to the business world. According to Forbes magazine , it occupies the 65th position in the list of the wealthiest people in the world . It is known worldwide for its two huge companies, KB Home and Sun America, but in recent years also stood out, with his wife, thanks to the donation of 700 million dollars to fund a project between Harvard University and MIT investigate genetic diseases .