It is estimated that 65% of children entering primary this year, will end up working in jobs that do not yet exist. The effects of the fourth industrial revolution and start feeling.Between 2015 and 2020, the world will lose between 5 and 7 million jobs due to the rise of digital technology, according to the future of work , prepared by the World Economic Forum (WEF, for its acronym in English).
Such a transformation, says the WEF, will come from technological advances such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, 3D printing, nanotechnology and biotechnology, which combined with intelligent systems-from houses to entire cities conectadas- pose a radical change the body called the fourth industrial revolution but it’s not all bad news. The WEF expects another 2 million jobs will be created in related to computing, mathematics, architecture and engineering fields.
The agency says that in many industries and countries “most of the occupations most in demand did not exist even 10 or 5 years ago”; in fact, “it is estimated that 65% of children entering primary this year will end up working in jobs that do not yet exist.”
To conduct the study, which seeks to understand the future impact of key disruptions in employment levels, the skills needed to perform a job and recruitment patterns in different industries and countries, the WEF asked specialists and managers of more than 130 global companies imagine how the industry will change in 2020 to conduct the study.
Thus, the report calculates which areas and which more jobs will see a reduction in the number of places available:
Positive outlook jobs between 2015 and 2020:
- Business and financial operations: +492.000
- management positions: +416.000
- Computer Science and Mathematics: +405.000
- Architecture and Engineering: +399.000
- Sales: +303.000
- Education and training: +66.000
Jobs with a negative outlook between 2015 and 2020:
- Office and administrative: -4,700,000
- Manufacturing and production: -1,600,000
- Construction and extraction: -497.000
- Arts, design, entertainment, sports and media: -151.000
- Legal: -109.000
- Installation and maintenance: -40.000
The impact of technological, demographic and social disruptions will transform the job picture, but also the skill requirements, which impose challenges of recruitment, training and talent management.
“On average, by 2020 more than one third of the basic skills of most occupations will consist of skills that today are not considered crucial. Essentially, the technical skills need to be complemented by others of a social nature and collaborative,” says the report.
Countries and companies must act immediately to contribute to the revolution of talent, says the WEF, not only to prevent high unemployment and a reduction in consumer base, respectively, but to exploit the full potential of the fourth industrial Revolution.
The agency suggests undertaking the following actions immediately:
- Reinvention of the HR function: The department becomes increasingly strategic, so you should use analytical tools to identify trends and gaps talent.
- Using analytical: The projection of data and planning metrics are central to organizations, and analytical data is the tool to achieve it.
- Diverse talent: As job profiles become more specific, reducing the gender gap and racial integration become more important.
- Boost labor flexibility and online platforms talent: The physical and organizational boundaries begin to blur, so that companies already manage their talent differently, and even remotely collaborate with freelancers.